The Quantum Track:

There are 3 courses in this track:

QT01: Understanding the Quantum World

QT02: Quantum Biology

QT03: Quantum Computing

Backdrop:

On February 1st 2020, when in the budget a Rs 800 crore allocation was announced for the National Mission on Quantum Technologies, by the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman: https://dst.gov.in/budget-2020-announces-rs-8000-cr-national-mission-quantum-technologies-applications , it signalled that once again the nation wants to use knowledge as the vehicle to create a new generation of world class professionals.  This was as fundamental a transformation as when the IITs transformed slide-rule wielding engineers to complex problem solvers who could program to solve new problems, and were ready for the era of CAD/CAM and 3D Printing. 

To appreciate the significance and potential of Quantum technologies, please follow this link to watch the 12 minute video : the trillion dollar gold rush/opportunity…….https://youtu.be/wKN8wBl4X1M . Please view this video carefully, and if necessary view it more than once. Not only does it explain qubits with which quantum computers work and their potential for solving erstwhile unsolvable problems in science, technology, biology but even in business operations an finance.

Thus students of all streams, engineering, medical or business are well advised to get an early start on appreciating the quantum world. 

In fact, the famous Physicist said “ Dammit the world is quantum”. 

Instead of joining an IIT coaching Institute at a very early stage, it may be better to prepare for the era of Quantum Technologies, by learning about Quantum concepts and features  while one is still at School. 

To get a feel for the new vision acquired with knowing Quantum Mechanics, we have on offer 3 courses of  a month each. If followed in sequence by a learner, in about 3 months time, the learner would be well equipped to find his place, in the Quantum world. 

QT 01: Understanding the Quantum World :

A monthlong ( 4 weeks Monday to Friday) WhatsApp course on introductory Quantum Mechanics:

Sir John Ziman began the Preface of his well known book “ Principles of the Theory of Solids” (1964 edition),with the following opening lines:

“ The frontiers of knowledge ( to coin a phrase) are always on the move. Today’s discovery will tomorrow be part of the mental furniture of every research worker. By the end of next week it will be in every course of graduate lectures . Within a month there will be a clamour to have it in the undergraduate curriculum. Next year, I do believe, it will seem so commonplace that it may be assumed to be known to every schoolboy.”

It is now common to teach all School students Newton’s laws of motion as part of their Science curriculum at Class 8. But it turns out that Quantum Mechanics is not properly introduced even for Physics students in Class 12 of CBSE. This is likely to be true of other State School leaving Boards as well. 

The reality is that Quantum Mechanics is all around us and as our young enter the 3rd decade of the 21st Century, they will be seriously constrained if they are not well versed in Quantum Mechanics ( and of course fluent in Computational Thinking and digital tools including Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning ). 

In addition to concepts like ‘phase’ and superposition,a strange feature of quantum physics to which we can introduce them is entanglement, which Albert Einstein famously called “spooky action at a distance”. This is when two particles form a connection across an unknown distance, which could be a millimetre or the width of a universe, and one of the particles can vanish from one area and reappear elsewhere. 

While entanglement may have appeared “spooky” to Einstein’s brilliant mind, subsequently the scientific community has grappled with that and other counterintuitive aspects of quantum physics. 

But despite – or maybe because of – its unusual aspects, quantum physics is improving our understanding of the natural world, to a point where some of these theories can no longer be overlooked.

Quantum research has been selected by the World Economic Forum’s scientific community as one of the most important “future frontiers” in science. 

And the emerging field of quantum biology could be the key to explaining the previously inexplicable.

A new study suggests living bacteria can be put into “quantum entanglement”. If bacteria are confirmed to exhibit quantum effects, it would form the first evidence of interplay between macroscopic organic matter and the subatomic quantum world.

We have just heard the news that Google has achieved “ Quantum Supremacy”, something that is being challenged by IBM, but it is reasons to imagine that the learners who are in class 8 or so would see a world of Quantum Computing, Quantum Medicine and maybe fields like “ protein engineering” when they leave School.

If they don’t have to be irrelevant and misfits like the engineers of today …. it is of utmost urgency that we take a lead in this. 

Flow of QT01: Understanding the Quantum World 

Theme 1: Why learn Quantum Mechanics?

1.1: The origins of Quantum Mechanics

1.2: The dramatis personae in the development of the field :

1.3: Quantum Mechanics in everyday life:

1.4: How Quantum Mechanics explains Newton’s laws of motion

1.5: India’s contributions to Quantum Mechanics

Theme 2: Key concepts in Quantum Mechanics

2.1: Wave-particle duality

2.2: Superposition

2.3: Entanglement 

2.4: Quantum Tunnelling

2.5: Large scale quantum phenomena: superconductivity and superfluidity 

Theme 3: The Mathematical toolkit for Quantum Mechanics

3.1: What are the conceptual and mathematical barriers ?

3.2: Complex numbers 

3.3: Vectors and their operations

3.4: Matrices and their operations

3.5: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors

Theme 4: Applications of Quantum Mechanics

4.1: Quantum Physics

4.2: Quantum Chemistry

4.3: Quantum Biology

4.4: Quantum Computing

4.5: How to learn more about Quantum Mechanics ? A compendium of resources for the keen motivated, self-driven learner. 

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QT02: Quantum Biology: where Physics meets the life sciences :

Backdrop:

Molecular Biology and Quantum Mechanics developed in parallel, rather than co-operatively. Biologists hardly attended Physics lectures and Physicists paid little attention to Biology. But according to Szent-György, a pioneer in the fields, the large bio molecules are not really the actors of the drama of life, but they are only the stage on which the drama is enacted, while the real actors are mobile electrons. 

Quantum biology:

How can plants convert sunlight into chemical energy that they can live on in one billionth of a second? How can birds detect the Earth’s magnetic field, in order to navigate over thousands of miles? How can our DNA randomly mutate with no apparent cause? What is consciousness?

If you have wondered how birds find their way across thousands of miles of open sky during migration? Or pondered over photosynthesis ( a very important component of the fight against climate change) or how the human sense of smell works, you will be thrilled to know that recently, scientists have been using quantum physics to unravel these and some of nature’s enduring mysteries. 

Understanding how biology evolved to take advantage of manifestly quantum behaviour and what role quantum physics may have in the human brain is a nascent but growing area of research. It could answer some of science’s biggest mysteries and lead to technologies beyond our imagination. Find out more in this article.

Theme 1: What is life? 

1.1: The ‘life’ force

1.2: The naive Physicist’s approach

1.3: The hereditary mechanism

1.4: Mutation

1.5: Order, disorder and entropy

Theme 2: Quantum Biology

3.1: Cells, tissues and organs

3.2: The engines of life

3.3: Quantum Genes

3.4: Properties of fundamental biochemicals

3.5: Epigenetics

Theme 3: The future of medicine 

3.1: Traditional medicine : the success of antibiotics

3.2: The future of medical treatment is a cell, not a pill

3.3: Genetic Engineering : Human Gene editing ( CRISPR) 

3.4: The radical possibilities of man made DNA

3.5: Can Quantum Biology make new living Technology ?

Theme 4: Consciousness

4.1: What is consciousness

4.2: Theories of consciousness

4.3: Measures of consciousness

4.4: Does consciousness have a function

4.5: Consciousness and Computation

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QT03:Quantum Computing: its nature and future:

Backdrop :

The big news on 23rd October 2019 was the demonstration of Quantum Supremacy by Google, meaning thereby that their 54 Qubit Sycamore Quantum Computer could do a calculation in 200 seconds, that the fastest classical super computer, the Summit would have taken 10,000 years. This event has probably a much greater significance that a man landing on the moon. 

To appreciate the significance and potential of Quantum Computing, please follow this link to watch the 12 minute video : the trillion dollar gold rush/opportunity…….https://youtu.be/wKN8wBl4X1M . Please view this video carefully, and if necessary view it more than once. Not only does it explain qubits with which quantum computers work and their potential for solving erstwhile unsolvable problems in science, technology, biology but even in business operations an finance.

Theme 1: Why Quantum Computing ?

  • 1.1: Some recent news items
  • 1.2: Richard Feynman’s 1981 suggestion/ lecture
  • 1.3: Quantum Supremacy and other measures of Quantum Performance
  • 1.4: The potential benefits of Quantum Computing
  • 1.5: The challenges to Quantum Computing

Theme 2: Key Concepts in Quantum Computing

  • 2.1: Bits, Qubits and Superposition
  • 2.2: Entanglement
  • 2.3: Quantum Algorithms: Peter Shor ( factorisation)
  • 2.4: Quantum Algorithms : Luv Grover ( database search) 
  • 2.5: Programming Quantum Computers and Quantum Software Development

Theme 3: Practical Quantum Computing

  • 3.1: Different approaches to Quantum Computing
  • 3.2: IBM
  • 3.3: Google
  • 34: Microsoft 
  • 3.5: Other players : D-wave, IonQ, 

Theme 4: Applications and possibilities:

  • 4.1: A survey of application domains for Quantum Computing
  • 4.2: Quantum Machine Learning
  • 4.3: Quantum Cryptography
  • 4.4: The Grand challenges: Longevity; Climate Change
  • 4.5: Staying on Top: further explorations

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Registration and fee payment :

To know further details of this program, and to join any of the listed courses, please send a WhatsApp message to Prof MM Pant at + 919810073724

The fee for each of these one month WhatsApp courses QT01, QT02 and QT03  is Rs 5000/- and can be easily remitted by PayTM to +919810073724

For those who would rather pay into a Bank account, the relevant information is : 

Madan Mohan Pant

HDFC Bank, Unitech Cyber Park, Sector 39, Gurgaon 

A/c 26451000000301

HDFC0002645

(The account number is 26451 followed by six zeroes followed by 301)